Cardiganshire Militia 1781-1782


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Musters of the Cardiganshire Militia 1781-82 WO 13/233 (PRO, Kew)
� Liz Hore and Stuart Tamblin, 2000

The Militia Act of 1757 provided for men to serve in the militia at home in
order to counter any threat arising when the majority of the regular army was
stationed abroad. Lists of eligible men in each parish were known as militia
ballot lists and from these, the men actually chosen appeared in the militia
lists which are often to be found in county record offices. At the Public
Record Office, however, are to be found the Muster and Pay Lists (class WO
13) and enrolment lists (WO 68). The initial lettercode of the PRO piece
number relates to the department in which the document originated (here the
War Office). The first number indicates the class, which is a collection of
documents of the same type. After the oblique stroke (slash), the other
number refers to the actual document within the class. The full reference is
required if you wish to order this particular item to be seen at Kew.

The Pay Lists were kept when the Militia was embodied, ie at times of war.
Thus, they can be found for 1781-82, the latter stages of the American War of
Independence, when France and Spain declared war on Britain. The Militia
was disembodied in 1783 and the Pay Lists were no longer maintained. The
records start again during the French Wars, some from 1793 and others from
as late as 1804.

The Militia was funded from the Land Tax so there are some references to it
in PRO Class E 182. The men received Marching Money whilst embodied
for the period 1780-83 and there were expenses paid for local meetings.

A sample has been taken of four counties from E 182 and the information
found to be variable. Somerset lists the names of the men and where they
enlisted. Cornwall only names the officers. Buckinghamshire names the
officers and non-commissioned officers. Cambridgeshire has a mixture.

There were four Companies of Cardiganshire Militia commanded by the

Lt Colonel John CAMPBELL Major William LEWIS
Captain Edward Warren JONES Captain William BRIGSTOCKE

A few men disappeared from the Muster with no indication of their fate. In
these cases, there is an X in the Muster column.

In this document there are records of four Musters:

1) All Companies met at Portsmouth on 07 September 1781 and recorded
service from 25 December 1780 to 24 June 1781.

All Musters were signed by Thomas Sadleirs, Commissary Musters
and Edward Linzee, Mayor of Portsmouth.

2) All Companies met at Winchester on 25 March 1782 and recorded service
from 25 June to 24 December 1781.

All Musters were signed by Thomas Sadleirs, Commissary Musters
and John Doswell, Mayor of Winchester.

3) All Companies met at Gosport on 16 August 1782 and recorded service
from 25 December 1781 to 24 June 1782.

All Musters were signed by Thomas Sadleirs, Commissary Musters
and John Carter at Portsmouth.

4) All Companies met at Carmarthen on 28 February 1783 and recorded
service from 25 June to 24 December 1782.

All Musters were signed by Thomas Bernard, Commissary Musters
and John Williams, Mayor of Carmarthen.


Any extracts from or references to this publication should please
make full reference to Liz Hore and Stuart Tamblin as compilers
and indexers. Please quote the full PRO piece number with any

Further information may be found in W Spencer, Records of the
Militia and Volunteer Forces, 1757-1945 (PRO Readers' Guide
No 3, 2nd Edition, 1997) and J S W Gibson & M Medlycott,
Militia Lists and Musters, 1757-1876 (FFHS, 4th Edition, 2000)


Although every effort has been made in the production and
checking of this publication, no warranty as to its accuracy can be
made. No responsibility can be accepted for any inaccuracy or
incompleteness whatsoever.

Musters of the Militia, 1781-82

Indexes in this series

Anglesey 506 records
Berkshire 862 records
Buckinghamshire 998 records
Caernarvonshire 162 records
Cambridgeshire 945 records
Cardiganshire 299 records
Cheshire 725 records
Cornwall 1,322 records
Cumberland 757 records
Denbighshire 593 records
Devon East 1,260 records
Devon North 927 records
Devon South 856 records
Dorset 998 records
Durham 711 records
Essex East 935 records
Essex West 1,016 records
Flintshire 209 records
Gloucestershire North 845 records
Gloucestershire South 1,027 records
Hampshire North 894 records
Hampshire South & Isle of Wight 808 records
Herefordshire 912 records
Kent East 692 records
Kent West 1,041 records
Lancashire 1,705 records
Leicestershire 1,189 records
Lincolnshire North 806 records
Lincolnshire South 849 records
Merionethshire 99 records
Montgomeryshire 495 records
Middlesex East 1,211 records
Middlesex West 1,207 records
Middlesex Westminster 932 records
Northamptonshire & Rutland 1,534 records
Northumberland 995 records
Nottinghamshire 940 records
Oxfordshire 882 records
Shropshire 1,106 records
Somerset 1,337 records
Staffordshire 1,254 records
Surrey 1,651 records
Sussex 1,506 records
Warwickshire 1,206 records
Westmoreland 900 records
Wiltshire 1,386 records
Worcestershire 1,187 records
Yorkshire East 837 records
Yorkshire North 1 1,357 records
Yorkshire West 1 1,184 records
Yorkshire West 2 1,118 records


Stuart Tamblin, Family History Indexes,
14 Copper Leaf Close, Moulton, Northampton, NN3 7HS, UK
Tel: 01604-495106

Please send a large SAE for the latest list of indexes available.